The main differences between autologous and allogeneic mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) for regenerative therapy
Autologous stem cells provide the potential for highly personalised medicine, offering the patient a certified product detailing precise information on the cells they receive back in the form of medicine.
However, as we age our stem cells start to deplete, in fact by the age of 50 our bone marrow contains 80% fewer stem cells than when you were born.
The ageing process makes our stem cells less effective and less active, older patients are also more likely to be victims of degenerative diseases. Autologous stem cells therapies are more effective the younger and healthier you are.
For the relatively young and healthy, stem cell banking is an option worth considering to protect one’s future self. Stem cell banking is like a personal vault with the one currency that can offer you a better quality of life as you age, freezing your immune system in time for when you need it most to fight diseases.
Due to the personalised nature of autologous stem cell therapies the treatments are understandably more expensive and the process a little longer than donor-based therapies. Autologous stem cell therapies are ideal for patients who prefer to use their own cells, be it in the present or the future, rather than use those of a donor.
Allogeneic stem cells that are harvested from younger donors exhibit higher vigour, they can also be extracted in larger numbers.
Allogeneic stem cells are physiologically, metabolically and genetically more stable than cells extracted from older patients who may already have ill health. Allogeneic stem cells are harvested at their most potent immediately from the source, in this case using umbilical cord cells. Other advantages of allogeneic stem cells therapy include the ease of treating a large number of patients at a lower cost and the speed and the availability at which the treatments can be given.
Allogeneic stem cells therapy also negates the need for a minimally invasive procedure to harvest a patient’s own cells.